John O. Marsh Military secretary die Va. He was 92.
John O. Marsh Jr., a former conservative Democratic congressman from Virginia who labored as a White Home adviser to a few Republican presidents and have become the nation’s longest-serving secretary of the Military within the 1980s, died on Monday in Raphine, Va. He was 92.
Mr. Marsh had a stroke two weeks in the past and died of issues of congestive coronary heart failure at an assisted dwelling facility, the place he had lived lately, his son Scot mentioned.
Folksy and self-effacing, Mr. Marsh appreciated to name himself a plain lawyer from Virginia’s Shenandoah apple nation. However to many who knew him as Richard M. Nixon’s assistant protection secretary for legislative affairs, Gerald R. Ford’s counsel with cupboard rank and Ronald Reagan’s Military secretary and particular operations adviser, he was a grasp of army and political affairs.
Within the Washington sport of musical chairs, Mr. Marsh’s titles and duties shifted within the 1960s and ′70s as he moved nearer to the facilities of energy and reached the White Home, the place Republican patrons enlisted his experience and counted on his discretion. There was all the time extra to Mr. Marsh than appeared obvious
He was elected to 4 phrases within the Home of Representatives (1963-71) as a Democrat. He was additionally a protégé of Senator Harry F. Byrd, an ardent segregationist whose Democratic machine had dominated Virginia’s conservative politics for many years. Just like the senator, Mr. Marsh had a voting document, which included opposing help to training and medical look after the aged financed by Social Safety, thus far to the suitable that the liberal People for Democratic Motion rated him zero.
However within the Home, Mr. Marsh made highly effective pals: Ford, the Republican minority chief. and Donald H. Rumsfeld, Ford’s future White Home chief of workers and protection secretary. Each valued his army savvy and firsthand Military expertise.
Straight out of highschool, Mr. Marsh enlisted within the Military over the past yr of World Battle II, and after graduating from Officer Candidate College he served as a lieutenant with American occupation forces in postwar Germany. He later, educated as a paratrooper within the Military Nationwide Guard, and in 1966 he volunteered for a month of lively obligation as a fight infantry officer within the Vietnam Battle, with out telling fellow troopers that he was a congressman.
Mr. Marsh was named President Nixon’s assistant secretary of protection for legislative affairs in March 1973. Ten months later, after Vice President Spiro T. Agnew resigned in a tax-evasion scandal and was changed by Consultant Ford, the brand new vp appointed Mr. Marsh his assistant for nationwide safety affairs.
Later in 1974, after Nixon resigned within the Watergate scandal and Ford grew to become president, Mr. Marsh was certainly one of his 4 senior aides who guided a wobbly White Home in transition to a brand new administration — one with out secret tape recorders within the Oval Workplace or low morale within the West Wing.
Through the 895-day Ford presidency, Mr. Marsh, as counsel to the president, emerged with main authority over the reorganized White Home workers.
In 1976, he was assigned by President Ford to plan probably the most sweeping reforms and reorganization of the nation’s intelligence companies since 1947. The modifications had been a significant accomplishment of the Ford administration, consolidating the administration, budgets and oversight of the federal government’s sprawling intelligence neighborhood and its covert operations. The reforms adopted revelations of widespread intelligence abuses in the course of the Nixon years, together with plots to focus on Americans for surveillance and even to assassinate overseas leaders.
After Reagan received the Republican presidential nomination on the get together’s conference in Detroit in 1980, he briefly thought of Ford as his working mate. Mr. Marsh joined Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger and two different Ford emissaries in late-night talks with Reagan aides to craft a “dream ticket.” However the Reagan camp rejected a deal that will have given Ford veto energy over some main presidential appointments and different constitutionally questionable powers.
“Mr. Ford’s representatives put forth situations that will have given Mr. Ford operational management of the chief department of presidency,” The New York Occasions reported.
Ford withdrew his overtures for the vice presidency, and Reagan named the previous C.I.A. director George H. W. Bush as his working mate on what grew to become the successful ticket. Quickly after his inauguration, Reagan named Mr. Marsh secretary of the Military.
Mr. Marsh remained in that put up by means of the Reagan years and properly into the succeeding presidency of George Bush. He helped increase Military budgets by 30 % and added greater than 14,000 ladies to the ranks. However he not often spoke on public points and was not an innovator of army applications.
“Jack Marsh is a self-effacing and constant man who feels very strongly in regards to the Military,” Gen. John A. Wickham Jr., the Military’s chief of workers from 1983 to 1987, informed The Occasions. “Being the No. 1 is a fairly lonely enterprise. There’s nobody to share your convictions with.”
After eight years, six months and 15 days as Military secretary, Mr. Marsh stepped down on Aug. 14, 1989. He had shattered a document set in an equal put up by Thomas Jefferson’s secretary of warfare, Henry Dearborn, who served from 1801 to 1809. Protection Secretary Dick Cheney awarded Mr. Marsh the Medal for Distinguished Public Service, the Protection Division’s highest civilian honor.
John Otho Marsh Jr. was born in Winchester, Va., on Aug. 7, 1926, the one baby of John and Nell (Wayland) Marsh. He attended public colleges in Harrisonburg, Va. After graduating from highschool in 1944, he enlisted within the wartime Military as a personal, however was accepted for Officers Candidate College, commissioned as a second lieutenant at 19 and assigned to American occupation forces in Germany for 2 years.